The legal base for the Emergency financing Decision is the Article 13 of the Financial Regulation, where it is stated that “the European Commission shall decide on emergency action for an amount not in excess of EUR 10,000,000.
Article 13 of the Financial Regulation states that the duration of individual Actions financed under this type of Decision shall be limited to six months, and it is not possible to extend the duration of the Actions.
When can be adopted an Emergency Decision?
The operations that may request an Emergency Action are those operations intended to meet immediate and unforeseeable humanitarian requirements generated by sudden natural or man-made disasters, such as floods, earthquakes and outbreaks of fighting or comparable situations.
An Emergency financing Decisions may apply both to new crises and established humanitarian crises where humanitarian aid is already under way, provided that uncertainty and instability of the context requires an appropriate, rapid and flexible response. This happens, for example, where there are sudden deteriorating weather conditions within a natural disaster situation (a crisis within a crisis).
In any case, this Decision is always adopted in reference to a precise event with a precise date that can be the date of a natural disaster or the date of an official declaration or call for international help.
Emergency Decision Adoption's Procedure
Emergency financing Decisions up to and including EUR 10,000,000 are transmitted for information to the Humanitarian Aid Committee (HAC) within 48 hours of their adoption and there is no right of scrutiny of the European Parliament (EP).
On the contrary, when the European Commission adopts Emergency financing Decisions of an amount above EUR 10,000,000, both the HAC and the EP have to be involve
When a crisis arises, Partners and UN Agencies are invited to pro-actively contact ECHO to share their analysis of the situation and capacities to respond. ECHO may also by itself contact those that are present in the country or the region affected with a view to prepare ECHO response.
Once they are issued, the Emergency decisions are published on DG ECHO website
References & useful links